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英汉对照学英语(三十三)  

2011-01-18 15:25:23|  分类: 英语园地 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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7 Rules of Kitchen Cleaning< xmlnamespace prefix ="o" ns ="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

厨房清洁的7个惯常做法

 

Because cooking can be a messy process, all areas of the kitchen need frequent cleaning to keep them fresh, grease-free, and sanitary. Scrubbing and cleaning kitchen surfaces is as much a function of health and hygiene as it is good housekeeping.

因为烹饪可能是一个凌乱的过程,所以厨房里的所有区域需要经常清洁以保持清爽、无油渍和卫生。擦洗和清洁厨房表面就好像相当大的家务活儿同样是为了保持健康和卫生。

 

The New Rules
Disease-causing bacteria, frequently found in raw poultry and meat, have become a serious menace in recent years. The effects of salmonella and some strains of E. coli, for example, can be painful for everyone and deadly for susceptible people. The United States Food and Drug Administration recommends the following steps for cutting down harmful bacteria in the kitchen.

 

新的惯常做法

引起疾病的细菌常常在生家禽肉和猪牛肉里发现,近年来已成为一个严重的威胁。沙门氏菌和一些大肠杆菌株的影响对每个人都带来痛苦,对易感人群可能致命。美国食品及药品管理局建议为了减少厨房有害细菌应采取下列措施。

 

·  Wash your hands with hot, soapy water before handling food and after using the bathroom, changing diapers, or handling pets. Also wash your hands in hot, soapy water, scrubbing a full minute, after handling raw meat, poultry, or seafood.

· 在处理食物前和在上了卫生间、换尿布或触摸宠物后用热水肥皂洗手。在处理生肉、家禽或海鲜后,也要用热水肥皂洗手,要擦洗满一分钟。

 

·  Wash cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and counters with hot, soapy water after preparing each food item and before you go on to the next food.

· 在制作每道食品后和在继续做下一道食物前,用热水肥皂洗涤切菜板、盘子、餐具灶具和柜台。

 

·  Wash dishrags, dishtowels, and sponges in the washing machine with hot water. Sponges can also be cleaned in the upper rack of the dishwasher while plastic cutting boards can go on the lower racks.

· 用洗涤器热水洗涤抹布、擦盘巾和海绵。海绵也可在洗碗机的上架上被清洗,同时塑料切菜板可在下架上清洗。

 

·  Separate raw meat, poultry, and seafood from each other and from other foods in the shopping cart at the grocery and in the refrigerator at home.

· 将生猪牛肉、家禽肉和海鲜互相分开,并在食品杂货店的购物车和在家的冰箱里与其他食物分开。

 

·  Never put cooked food on an unwashed platter that previously held raw meat, poultry, or seafood.

· 决不把熟食放在以前放生肉、家禽或海鲜的未洗涤的大浅盘里。

 

·  Refrigerate or freeze perishables, prepared foods, and leftovers within two hours of a meal.

· 冷藏或冷冻易腐坏的食品、制作的食品以及一餐2小时内的剩菜。

 

·  Defrost frozen foods in the refrigerator or under cold running water, not on the counter.

 

· 在冰箱或在冷自来水下解冻冷冻的食品,而不在柜台上解冻。

 

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