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to doing sth的常用搭配  

2011-06-04 10:56:32|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语中的to有时是不定式符号,后接动词原形;有时是介词,后接动词时,动词用动名词,很容易混淆。下面是介词to后接动名词的一些常见搭配:

1. admit to doing sth 承认做了某事。如:

He admitted to having taken the money. 他承认拿了那笔钱。

George would never admit to being wrong. 乔治从不认错。

2. apply to doing sth  适用于做某事。如:

These methods apply to learning English. 这些方法适用于英语学习。

有时apply为及物动词。如:

We must apply our minds to finding a solution. 我们要动动脑筋找出解决的办法来。

另外还有:apply oneself to doing sth 专心致力于做某事。如:

She applied herself to learning English. 她努力学习英语。

3. be [get] used to doing sth 习惯于做某事。如:

John has got used to sleeping late. 约翰已习惯很晚睡觉了。

She is used to living in the country. 她习惯于住在乡下。

4. come [be] near to doing sth 几乎做某事,差点就做某事。如:

I was near to screaming. 我险些喊叫起来。

I came near to forgetting my raincoat. 我差点把雨衣给忘了。

注意,单独使用的next to(次于)也后接动名词。如:

Next to skiing her favourite sport was ice-hockey. 她最喜爱的运动是滑雪,其次是冰球。

5. devote sth to doing sth把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事。如:

Charlie devotes his time to reading. 查理的时间都用于读书。

也可用于:devote oneself to doing sth 全心投入做某事。如:

She devoted herself entirely to writing. 她全心投入写作。

注意其被动式。如:

This dictionary is devoted to explaining word usage. 这本词典是解释词的用法。

Her life was devoted to caring for the sick and needy. 她一生都致力于关心照顾贫病交迫的人。

be devoted to doing sth 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事

6. (be) equal to doing sth 有能力做某事,能胜任做某事,等于做某事。如:

This is equal to saying that he knows her well. 这就等于说他很熟悉她。

She didn’t feel equal to receiving visitors. 她感到身体不适,不能会客。

7. fall to doing sth 开始做某事。如:

They fell to (eating) with great gusto. 他们开始津津有味地大吃起来。

She fell to brooding about what had happened to her. 她开始沉思默想自己的遭遇。

8. get down to doing sth开始做某事,认真处理某事。如:

After lunch we got down to discussing the issue of pay. 午餐之后,我们开始认真讨论报酬的问题。

9. in addition to doing sth 除做某事之外。如:

In addition to giving me some advice, he gave me some money. 他不仅给我提了些忠告,而且还给了我一些钱。

10. key to doing sth 做某事的关键。如:

The humble potato may be the key to feeding the world’s population. 这不起眼的土豆有可能是解决全世界人口温饱的关键。

11. look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事。如:

I look forward to hearing from you. 盼早日收到你的来信。

I look forward to being alone in the house. 我盼望着能自己一人在这所房子里。

12. oppose to doing sth 反对做某事。如:

I oppose to your going there alone. 我反对你一个人去那儿。

注意其被动式的用法。如:

I’m opposed to telling him the news at once. 我反对马上告诉他这个消息。

13. pay attention to doing sth 注意做某事。如:

We should pay more attention to uniting and working with the comrades who differ with us. 我们应该更注意团结那些与自己意见不同的同志工作。

其中的pay有时可换成其他动词。如:

He gives all his attention to making money. 他的注意力完全集中在赚钱上。

14. reduce sb to doing sth 使某人沦为做某事。如:

Hunger reduced them to stealing. 饥饿使他们沦落为盗贼。

注意其被动式的用法。如:

He was reduced to begging for food. 最后他沦为乞丐。

15. set one’s mind to doing sth 决心做某事。如:

He is used to working at night. 他习惯在夜里工作。

He is used to looking after himself. 他已习惯于自己照顾自己。

16. object to doing sth 反对做某事。如:

He objected to being treated like a child. 他反对被当作小孩子看待。

I object to to being treated like this. 受到这样的待遇我表示抗议。

17. take to doing sth 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事。如:

He soon took to drinking again. 不久他又喝起酒来。

He took to gardening in his retirement. 他退休后就搞起了园艺。

18. What do you say to doing sth 你认为做某事如何?如:

What do you say to playing tennis? 打打网球怎么样?

What do you say to going to the theatre tonight? 今晚去看戏你说好吗?

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